This article will explain each type of Metric currently available on the InvestNext platform and break down the definition and/or calculation.

Accrued Interest

Definition: The amount of accrued and unpaid interest due on a promissory note on a specific date according to its terms and any previous activity.

Accrued Preferred Return

Definition: The amount of accrued and unpaid preferred return due to a held equity position on a specific date according to the terms of the project operating agreement.

Calculation: This calculation will be based on the preferred return hurdle in the most recently created distribution plan (for each class).

Annualized Return


Annualized Return Calculation
  • y is the number of years invested using an actual/actual day count convention

  • This calculation is made so that when a 0% return is reached, the investor has recouped the initial investment.

Capital Balance (Capital Account)

Definition: For a given equity position, the capital balance consists of the original capital contribution associated with that equity, minus any return of capital distributions made on that equity.

Calculation: (Original Capital Contribution - Return of Capital Distributions)

Capital Returned

Definition: This is going to be the sum of the Return of Capital distributions made over the lifetime of the investment.

Cash-on-Cash Return

Definition: Cash-on-cash return measures annual cash flow against the original contribution amount. Or put another way, it's the equity multiple divided by years elapsed.


Cost Basis

Definition: Cost basis is the original value or purchase price of an asset or investment for tax purposes.


Definition: Deductions are going to be one-off line items from a distribution, for a specific investment, that reduces the total cash paid to the investor. The most common example that we currently see are tax withholdings.

Calculation: (Distribution - Deduction) = Net Distribution/Cash


Definition: Sum of all distribution allocations to an investor, regardless of the type of distribution (e.g. return of capital, preferred return, dividends etc)

Equity Multiple

Definition: The rate of return based on the total net profit and the equity investment, also referred to as EM.

Calculation: Equity Multiple = (Total Distributions / Total Contributions)

IRR (Internal Rate of Return)

Definition: IRR is solved by setting the value of the net present value (NPV) equation to zero and solving for the rate of return. InvestNext uses an actual/actual day count convention in this calculation as opposed to Excel's XIRR function which uses actual/365.


Lifetime Contributions

Definition: Sum of all capital contributions made over the lifetime of an investment.

Market Value

Definition: The value expected to receive at a specific point in time for which the property/shares could be sold at.

Calculation: Market Value = (Number of Units * Current Class Price)

Preferred Return

Definition: A preferred return is a profit distribution preference whereby profits, either from operations, sales, or refinance, are distributed to specific classes.

Calculation: Total Preferred Return = (Investment * Preferred Return Rate)

Profit Distributions

Definition: The total amount of distributions received minus the return of capital transactions.


  • Profit Distributions = (Total Distributions - Return of Capital)

  • Distributions = (Preferred Return + Dividends)

Realized Gain & Unrealized Gain

Definition: An unrealized gain is an increase in the market value of an asset that has yet to be sold for cash. It is a theoretical profit that exists on paper. A gain becomes realized once the position is sold for a profit.


  • Realized Gain = Sold Price - Investment

  • Unrealized Gain = Market Value - Investment


Definition: Specific type of transfer transaction (not a distribution), also known as a “Transfer to Treasury Account”. The transaction will reduce the total outstanding units in a Project.


Definition: A Share/Unit is a measure of ownership in a Project, determined by the total contribution amount and class price.

Calculation: Units = (Total Contributions / Class Price)

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